Sunday, 13 June 2021

Crop rotation for water conservation

water conservation

To reduce the crop cost and to increase crop intensity, such crops should be selected which have low water demand and are ready to ripen quickly as well as have low cost. Therefore, while choosing such a crop rotation, special attention should be paid to these things. For example, instead of paddy-wheat, sesame-mustard-mung bean should be included in its crop cycle because it demands water and also costs less. The profit is also greater.

Important measures to increase the income of farmers:

Indian agriculture is based on rainfall. Water conservation should be used in agriculture. For this purpose Pradhan Mantri Sinchai Yojana was started. Agriculture dependent on rain has been called a gamble because if it rains at the right time, then agricultural production is good. In view of this, the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana was started.

The sources of income of the farmers should be increased or the prices of his crops should be increased. Prices have been increased from time to time through MSP. But industries related to agriculture (source of income) were not given much importance.

Some important steps have been taken in this regard to provide information about market demand, market price. For this, e-NAM scheme was started.

  • Reduce crop cost
  • More profit can be made by processing food!
  • More profit can also be taken by storing it because when there is a fair price and demand in the market is high, then more profit can be earned by taking the crop production out of storage.
  • Farmers can get more profit by increasing the crop yield.

Measures to reduce crop cost: To reduce crop cost and to increase crop intensity, such crops should be selected which have less water demand and are ready to ripen quickly as well as have low cost. Therefore, while choosing such a crop rotation, special attention should be paid to these things. For example, instead of paddy-wheat, sesame-mustard-mung bean crop rotation should be included in its cropping cycle because it demands water and costs less. The profit is also greater.

Because the water demand of paddy wheat is high. The cost is also high because transplanting, harvesting, weeding, fertilizers are not only more, but labor is also needed more. On the contrary, if the farmer adopts the mentioned crop rotation, then he has to incur less cost. There is also a saving of water, which can be used in the cultivation of Zaid moong. Cultivation of moong alone gives benefits equal to the savings of cultivation of wheat and paddy. It collects 25 to 30 kg of nitrogen in the soil for the next crop. And the field does not remain empty in the property, due to which the soil remains stuck and there is no loss of soil.

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