Saturday, 29 February 2020

PM Kisan Yojana 2020

Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN)

PM Kisan Yojana 2020
PM Kisan Yojana 2020


Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN) could also be a Central Sector Scheme with 100% funding from the govt. of India. This scheme is first effective from 1.12.2018. This scheme is launched for all the farmers of the country. Under this scheme, support of rs 6000 is provided to all the farmer's families to the country in three installments of Rs 2000 after every four months.

 In the Family, the person for this scheme is Husband, wife and minor children. The entire responsibility of identification of eligible farmer families rests the State or Union Terorty Govt. The eligible farmer for this scheme receives funds directly to their bank account. 

The Farmers covered under the Exclusion Criteria of the Operational Guidelines aren't eligible for the advantage of the Scheme. For enrollment, the farmer is required to approach the local patwari/revenue officer / Nodal Officer (PM-Kisan) nominated by the govt.

Varieties of Watermelon for India and other Country

Watermelon Variety
Watermelon Variety

In this article, we read about a cultivated variety of watermelons in India and some variety of international companies.

Durgapura Meetha

This variety of watermelon is introduced by Durgapura. This watermelon variety Fruit is round with grey-colored skin, thick rind, red-colored flesh, TSS 9-10%. Average Weight of watermelon is 6-8 Kg. This variety can pick 110-120 days after sowing. The seed of this variety is White medium-size seeds with black tip and margin. The estimated yield of this variety is 450 Quintal/ha.

Arka Jyaoti


Friday, 28 February 2020

Weather forecast and its impact on Agriculture crops

weather Impact on Crops
Weather Impact on Crops

As we had noticed that in the last few days weather is cloudy in the northern region where most of the country's parts are remain dry. But now the weather has again turned into a new direction due to A fresh western disturbance in Jammu and Kashmir. Due to this western disturbance a chance of cyclonic circulation over Rajasthan and Punjab. Due to this a possibility of rain with hail may occur over some parts of the country during the next 72 hours. It is also expected that the maximum temperature is dropped by 3-4 degrees Celcius in northern India.

Thursday, 27 February 2020

Govt. Lift Ban on Onion Export


Govt. Lift Onion Export
Onion Export

The Govt. of India has decided to lift the ban on the export of onions by seeing bumper crops. The minister of Food and consumer affairs told ET that the lifting of ban onion will help our farmers to get good prices in march Harvest which is estimated as 40% more than last year at 40 lakh tonnes.
And Also the prices of onion are stabilized and the crop is reaching in mandi so the further ban on onion crop will put crop prices under pressure.

Wednesday, 26 February 2020

Mustard, Guar, cotton and coriander Prices in Future

Market Prices Fall
Market Analysis

In India, the prices of spices and oilseed crops are going down due week demand in the market. By this article we read about the market analysis of demand and prices of different crops includes oilseed and spices.

On this Tuesday 25 Feb 2020 market analysis the coriander prices were fell by  Rs160 to 5580 per quintal it is happening due to week demand at the market spot. Similarly in spice price is also traded lower by more than Rs 200 to Rs 5900 per quintal. Market Analyst said that this is happening to decline in coriander prices.

Tuesday, 25 February 2020

Scientific Cultivation of Tulsi(Ocimum Sanctum L.)

TULSI (Ocimum Sanctum L.) Cultivation 

Tulsi Cultivation
Tulsi


Tulsi is native to India, where it attaches with religious attachment and loved to be grown in shrines and homes as an aromatic perennial shrub. Tulsi is part of Indian worship and has a background as the plants with antiviral property and it purifies the air. Tusli grown as temperate climates, tulsi varies from sea level to an altitude of around 2000 m. It generally grows in moist soil all over the globe.

Tulsi is also grown as a potherb and in home gardens. Tulsi is cultivated in urban as well as in semi-urban areas and the fresh herbage is sold at temples and worship. Tulsi source is from wild habitat includes uncultivated field and roadside.  However, the commercial production of tulsi is for valuable aroma chemicals is extracted from the essential oil. Tulsi leaves contain a bright yellow volatile oil which is useful as a medicine against insects and bacteria. The oil has anti-bacterial properties and acts as an insecticide. Tulsi inhibits the in vitro growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Monday, 24 February 2020

Okra Cultivation

Okra Cultivation
Okra 
By reading this article you will be aware of cultivation practices of okra, Bhindi, ladyfinger.


The scientific name of Okra or Bhendi is Abelmoschus esculentus. The varnicular names are Ladies Finger in English, Bhindi in Hindi, Dhenras in Bengali, Vendai in Tamil, bhindi in Gujarati, Bendekayi in Kannada, Ventaykka in Malayalam, Asra-pattraka in Sanskrit.

It is predominantly a vegetable crop. This vegetable is cultivated for its young fruits, mostly used in curry and soups after cooking. It is rich in vitamins A and B, protein and minerals and also a source of iodine and used as the treatment of goiter.

The major okra producing states are Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Odisha, Assam, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka in India.

Favorable Climate for Okra


Sunday, 23 February 2020

Weather Impact on crops

Weather Impact on different Agriculture  crops


As we are seeing that from the last few days the weather has changed. Weather conditions and climate change play an important role in crop quality and production. By this article we read about this weather is beneficial and harmful for which crops.

weather impact on crops
Weather Impact on crops
In the last 48 hours very light to light is observed in Haryana, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, West Bengal and some parts of Tamilnadu. Light rain observed in few places of Chattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh. Moderate fog is also observed in Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, and coastal Odisha in the morning time.  A fall in night temperature is seen in these areas.

During the next 12 hours light rainfall with thunderstorms may occur over Bihar, Jharkhand, Northern Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and Himachal Pradesh. Day temperature may increase in Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh.

Saturday, 22 February 2020

Borer Problem in Grams, Farmer Worried?

Borer Symptoms, Identification, and Management in Gram Crop


We are growing many crops and a farmer puts him all efforts to get the best quality with high production. But due to the insect pest attack, weeds, disease a farmer has to face damage in production as well as quality.
Catter pillar Borer Gram
Insect in Gram
In this article we read about the borer problem in grams, maybe in red gram, green gram, black gram borer is the major problem in grams. Mainly the borers are three types who cause more damage.
1. Gram Pod Borer (Helicoverpa armigera)

Thursday, 20 February 2020

Protect Your Tomato From Leaf Curl Virus

Tomato Leaf Curl Virus


In India Tomato is one of the major growing vegetables, because the profit by this vegetable is more as compared to other vegetables and the cost is low. As we have seen from years due to leaf curl virus in tomato can damage from 17% to 76% plants. Resulted in low production and damage to the fruit.
Leaf Curl Virus Tomato
Leaf Curl Tomato Symptom

Symptoms of Damage Leaf Curl

Wednesday, 19 February 2020

Improved Varieties of Okra (bhindi)

Varieties of Okra


After reading this article you were aware of the growing variety of okra(ladyfinger), their sowing time and yield and many more about the variety. Okra is one of the most growing vegetables in Asia. The scientific name of okra is 'Abelmoschus Esculentus'. 

Varieties of Okra(bhindi)
Varieties of Okra (bhindi)

Mostly this crop is grown in summer and Rainy season but in some areas, it can be also be sown in the month of Feb. Okra needs a warm humid climate with a long day. The average height of okra is 90-120 cm.

Lets discussed the okra variety which suitable you most? 

Shitla Jayoti

Monday, 17 February 2020

Agriculture work to be carried out by the farmer in the month of February

Agriculture work to be done by the farmer in the month of February- Cereals, Pulses, Vegetables, and Fruit Crops


Wheat

We know that in India during the rabi season our main focus is on wheat crop. So we are discussing it first.
During the month of Feb. the temperature is rising up so we have to monitor the wheat crop because this month is very important for the wheat crops. During this month major problem faced by the farmer is rust. The rust may be yellow, brown, black or stem rust. Due to this rust, a powder will appear on the leaf of wheat crop. These are of many types we can control it by spraying of Propiconazole, Zineb, and Mancozeb.
wheat
Wheat 
Irrigate the crop at the interval of 25-30 days and Put 50 kg of urea per acre for better growth. Farmers can also put the NPK 19:19 or 20:20 at the place of Urea. If the growth of wheat is not good then farmers can apply Ferrous Sulphate 500g-1 kg Per Acre for better output in Production.

During this month weed problem is also faced by the farmer in wheat crop major grew weed is wild oat and Phalaris minor. Farmers can control this weed by different chemicals. You can See the weeds types and their control measure by the given link below:
Weed Management

 

Wednesday, 12 February 2020

Agriculture Vegetable Production Turns in India?

Agriculture Vegetable Production Turns in India

We know that India comes in the highest producing country in cereals, pulses, milk, jute and in many more things but when it comes to vegetable production only ginger and okra comes to largest where potato, onions, cauliflower and many more vegetables we were some step farm from the top.
Top Vegetables State India
Indian Vegetable's 
Most of the countries in the world were consuming non-vegetarian food for their balanced diet. we know that nutrition is very important for humans to survive. As other things are important for the diet, vegetables are also important for us. They are rich in protein, vitamins, minerals, calcium, fiber, potassium, iron is beneficial for our health.

let's discuss the top vegetable producing states of vegetables in India-


1. West Bengal

West Bengal is located in eastern India on the Bay of Bengal and it is the fourth most populous state. It is the second-largest state in the production of potatoes. It has 20 districts and therefore the beautiful capital of West Bengal is Kolkata. It is the top producing vegetable state in 2017 but in 2017-18 it comes to the second position turned by UP. According to state horticulture department 2019-20 data it now comes at the top followed by Uttar Pradesh. Some of the vegetables produced include potato, sweet potato, onion, cabbage, peas, cauliflower. Most producing vegetable is potato. The total vegetable productivity during this state is around 29500 MT annually which is 15.5 percent of the country.

2. Uttar Pradesh

Tuesday, 11 February 2020

Top Agriculture Producing India in state and Global?

Top10 largest Agriculture Producing India


01. Rice:

Top10 largest Agriculture Producing India Paddy
Paddy 

Rice is a staple food according to the World population. More than half of the world's population believed to first cultivated rice. Asia places an important role in rice production over 90 percent of the total world's production. Rice is the second-largest producer in the world after corn in cereals.
West Bengal is the largest paddy producing state in India. Only West Bengal Produces more than 146 lakh tons which are more than 15 percent of the country. West Bengal is at the top followed by Uttar Pradesh and Punjab. Click here for more about Paddy Crop.

02. Wheat 

Top10 largest Agriculture Producing India wheat
Wheat


Sunday, 9 February 2020

Sugar Production Decline by 24 percent and Maharashtra Production become half

In the first four months of the current crushing season 2019-20, the production has reduced by 23.96 percent to 141.12 lakh tonnes across the country due to heavy losses due to unseasonal rains, floods, and drought in Maharashtra, a major sugar-producing state. 185.59 lakh tonnes had been produced in the same period of the season.

According to the Indian Sugar Mills Association (AISMA), currently crushing is going on in 446 sugar mills all over the country as compared to 520 mills last year. In Maharashtra, only 146 sugar mills were crushing, while three of these sugar mills have stopped crushing due to no sugarcane. Sugar production in Maharashtra has been 34.64 lakh tonnes in the current crushing season till January 31, while in the last crushing season, the state had produced 70.99 lakh tonnes of sugar by this time.

Sugar production is higher in Uttar Pradesh, less in Karnataka

In the current crushing season in Uttar Pradesh, sugar production has been 54.96 lakh tonnes from October 1, 2019, to January 31, 2020, while the state produced 52.86 lakh tonnes of sugar till this time last year. In the current crushing season in Karnataka, the production of sugar till January 31, 2020, is only 27.94 lakh tonnes as against 33.76 lakh tonnes of sugar in the last crushing season. Crushing is going on in only 63 sugar mills in the state, whereas in last year, 66 mills were crushing.

Production in Tamil Nadu and Gujarat also decreased

Saturday, 8 February 2020

Zero budget natural farming will now be done in all the jails of Haryana state

Zero budget natural farming will now be done in all the jails of Haryana state. This campaign was launched from Rohtak District Prison by Gujarat Governor Acharya Devvrat and Haryana Electricity and Jail Minister Chaudhary Ranjit Singh.

Acharya Devvrat told reporters that the prisoners in Rohtak Jail were given training in Zero Budget Natural Farming. The detainees take a keen interest in this training and hope that when people return to their homes, they will work to increase income by adopting zero budget farming in their villages.

30 acres of cultivation possible from a native cow

Acharya Devvrat said on Tuesday that the zero budget is completely different from natural agriculture, organic agriculture. The basis of organic farming is the manure of dung and earthworms. To meet the requirement of nutrients in crops, a lot of dung or earthworm manure is required which is not possible for any farmer. In organic agriculture, 20 to 25 animals are required in one acre of cultivation to meet the nutritional content of crops like paddy, wheat, and maize, whereas in zero budget natural agriculture it is possible to cultivate 30 acres from a native cow. In addition, the earthworm species (Eugenia Florida) used to prepare earthworm manure does not eat the soil and makes it naturally fertile by pruning in the ground, but it is only the dung and wood material Uses as food.

Native earthworms eat nutrients from the ground and transport them to the roots of plants.

Friday, 7 February 2020

20 lakh bales exported where 192 lakh bales have arrived

In India, cotton crop plays an import role for export after paddy. In India, cotton producer farmers were waiting for cotton prices. So far, 20 lakh bales (one lump-170 kg) of cotton have been exported in the current crop season 2019-20 which is started from October 1, 2019, while 10 lakh bales have also been imported during this period. Cotton production is estimated to increase by 13.62 percent to 354.50 lakh bales in the current season and by the end of January, 192.89 lakh bales have also arrived. According to the Cotton Association of India (CAI), 20 lakh bales have been exported in the current crop season till 31 January while the total exports in the current season are estimated to be 42 lakh bales, which is almost equal to last year. According to the CAI, the import of cotton has reached 10 lakh bales in the current season till 31 January and the total imports are estimated to be only 25 lakh bales as compared to 32 lakh bales last year.

Production estimates higher in Gujarat, Maharashtra

According to CAI, cotton production is estimated to be 96 lakh bales in Gujarat in the current season, 85 lakh bales in Maharashtra and 16 lakh bales in Madhya Pradesh as compared to 88 lakh bales, 70 lakh bales, and 22.63 lakh bales respectively in these states last year. Was produced. Telangana is estimated to produce 51 lakh bales in the current season, 15 lakh bales in Andhra Pradesh, 20.50 lakh bales in Karnataka and five lakh bales in Tamil Nadu. In Uttar Pradesh states Punjab is estimated to produce 10 lakh bales in the current season, 26 lakh bales in Haryana and 25 lakh bales in Rajasthan.

192.89 lakh bales of cotton have arrived in the mandis

Thursday, 6 February 2020

Potato Storage Problem in India and their Solution

In terms of potato production, India is second place in the world after China and our farmers produce about 400 lakh metric tons of potatoes every year with their tireless hard work. Potato production in our country has been increasing day by day since independence. Major credit for this also goes to the Central Potato Research Institute which has so far developed fifty potato varieties according to different climatic zones. A growing problem has also arisen due to this growing potato production and that is the storage of potatoes. We know that potato contains about 80 percent water and maintaining such a crop is not less of a challenge. For this, many such technologies have been developed by the institute to address the problems of potato storage. In most parts of the country (85 percent of the plains) potato is excavated in the months of February-March, which is followed by the summer season. In such a situation, there is a possibility of excessive loss of potatoes, so potatoes are usually kept in cold stores. We can see and understand the problem of storage and its diagnosis according to different uses:

Storage of potatoes for seeds:
It is very important to save potato seeds from one crop to another, which is about 7-8 months time interval. It is considered most convenient to store seeds in cold storage.

Wednesday, 5 February 2020

Importance and Method of Seed Treatment for Kharif Season

Just like seed selection is important for a good crop, it is equally important to treat the seeds. Continuous scientific progress in modern farming can be benefited only when pure and good quality seeds of improved varieties are selected and sown before sowing. Seed treatment is a very important process to increase the germination of seeds, protect from pests and diseases. Mostly, farmers do crop sowing without doing seed treatment, so crop production is likely to be 8-10% less. There is a need for publicity for the farmers to adopt the important process of seed treatment so that information about its benefits in the crops should reach the farmers. The Government of India and the State Government are working to promote 100 percent seed treatment. In which Agricultural University, Agricultural Science Center, Atma, Industrial Organization and NGO. Together they are playing an important role.

Dust treatment method: - Under this, seed treatment is done with dried powder or powder. Seed treatment by Carbendazim for example.
Karma /slurry treatment method: - The use of a mixture of water-soluble powder is called karma/slurry treatment.
Fluid treatment method: - The use of chemicals used in liquid form is called fluid treatment.

Dry  Method:
To treat the seeds under this method, an appropriate amount of seeds and medicine are put in plastic drums and rotated for 10-15 minutes. Due to which the light layer of medicine evenly climbs over the seed.

Saturday, 1 February 2020

Vegetable Grown (month wise) in South India

January
Lettuce(सलाद ), Spinach(पालक), Gourds(लोकि,करेला,टिंडा,तोरी), Melons(खरबूजा ), Radish(मूली), Carrot(गाजर), Onion(प्याज़), Tomato(टमाटर), Okra(भिंडी), Brinjal (बेंगन ), Bean(सेम)
Vegetable South India
Vegetable South India

February
Lettuce(सलाद), Spinach(पालक), Gourds(लोकि,कद्दू,तोरी,करेला), Melons(खरबूजा), Radish(मूली), Carrot(गाजर), Onion(प्याज़), Tomato(टमाटर), Okra(भिंडी), Brinjal (बेंगन ), Bean(सेम)

March
Amaranthus(चौलाई), Coriander(धनिया), Gourds(लोकि,कद्दू,करेला,तोरी ), Beans(सेम), Melons(खरबूजा), Spinach(पालक), Okra(भिंडी)

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