Tuesday 8 June 2021

By this crop farmers earning good profit?


We all know about linseed or Tesi local name. This oilseed crop is cultivated in a large area of ​​India. But farmers treat it as a second-class crop and cultivate it. With the changing times, its demand has increased so much that now more production is being taken by cultivating it properly and farmers are earning big money from its cultivation.

Actually, oil is found abundantly in linseed seeds. It also has a special place in Ayurveda. Oil is used less in food and more in medicines. Its oil is used from making paint to pad ink for stamping and in ink used for printing. In some areas, its oil is also used to make soap. This is the reason that its demand is increasing a lot in the changing times.

Talking about the cultivation of linseed, India ranks second in the world in terms of area, while it is third in production. India ranks eighth in the world in terms of yield per hectare.

If cultivated in the right way, there will be a lot of production

Generally, farmers sow linseed in the paddy field. Linseed seeds are sprayed in the standing paddy crop. The seeds germinate before the paddy is harvested and become small plants. In this, the cost is very less but the yield is also very less. If linseed is cultivated in the right way, then a lot of production is obtained.

Black heavy and loamy soils are suitable for the cultivation of linseed. Before sowing linseed, the farmer brothers should get the lease done after plowing two to three times. This preserves the moisture of the soil. The grain of linseed is small and fine. In such a situation, it is necessary for the soil to be brown for good germination.

Flaxseed crop requires cool and dry climate. 25 to 30 degrees Celsius temperature is right for proper germination. The temperature at the time of seed formation should be 15 to 20 degrees Celsius. Heavy rains are harmful during the growth period of linseed.

Keep these things in mind for sowing

Sowing of linseed should be done at the rate of 25 to 30 kg hectare. Row to row distance should be kept 30 cm and plant to plant distance should be 5 to 7 cm. The seed should be sown in the soil at a depth of 2 to 3 cm.

By treating the seeds before sowing, the crop can be saved from many diseases. Before sowing the seed should be treated with Carbendazim at the rate of 2.5 to 3 grams per kg.

For good yield, before sowing, cow dung at the rate of four to five tonnes per hectare should be mixed in the field at the time of the last plowing. Giving Nitrogen, Phosphorous, and Potash as per requirement gives good yield.

Linseed is an oilseed crop. To get good production from oilseed crops, 20 to 25 kg of sulfur should also be given per hectare. Sulfur should be given before sowing the seeds. Yield is good if one month after sowing and second irrigation before fruiting. The linseed crop is ready in 115 to 125 days.

Yield up to 10 quintals in one acre

In India, linseed is cultivated mainly in the areas of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, and West Bengal. A good yield is given in the irrigated areas. In unirrigated areas, farmers do single cultivation of linseed.

Agricultural scientists tell that linseed is used in three forms. Firstly, it is used in the medicinal form and many types of medicines are made. Oil is made from its seeds. Fiber comes out from the stem of linseed which has high value and is used to make linen. Farmers say that one acre yields up to 10 quintals.

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