Monday 28 September 2020

President Ram Nath Kovind approved three agricultural bills

Ram Nath Kovind

President Ram Nath Kovind on Sunday approved three agricultural bills, which has led to political controversy, and farmers in Punjab and Haryana are protesting. According to the Gazette notification, the President approved three Bills

What are the Bills:-

  1. 1. Farmers Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2020,
  2. 2. Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Price Assurance Contracts and Agricultural Services Bill, 2020.
  3.  3. Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill, 2020. Farmers The Product Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2020 aims to allow the sale of agricultural produce outside the Mandis regulated by the Agricultural Produce Marketing Committees (APMCs) constituted by various state legislatures.

The purpose of the Price Assurance Contract and Farming Services Bill for Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) is to allow contract farming. The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill regulates the production, supply, distribution of food items such as cereals, pulses, potatoes, onions, and edible oilseeds. The bill was approved by the Parliament last week and aims to liberalize the agricultural sector and allow farmers to sell their products anywhere for a better price.

The opposition has however criticized these bills. They allege that these Bills have been passed unconstitutional, ignoring parliamentary traditions. The opposition also requested the President to return these bills. These Bills have also been opposed by the NDA's oldest ally, the Shiromani Akali Dal, and have distanced themselves from the NDA.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi said after the passage of two out of three Bills in Parliament last week that it will give strength to crores of farmers. In his monthly 'Mann Ki Baat' program aired on Sunday, Modi said that farmers have benefited in large numbers since fruits and vegetables were brought out of the APMC Act in some states.

He said that now the same freedom is also going to be given to the farmer who produces grains. Meanwhile, in Punjab, farmers are protesting on the Amritsar-Delhi rail track against these bills. The farmers have been protesting since last Wednesday under the banner of Kisan Mazdoor Sangharsh Samiti.

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