Friday, 18 December 2020

Possibility of frost in Haryana, Punjab and advisory for farmers?

weather and crop

In many cities of Punjab, it was freezing in the day for the past 1 week, but today's winter broke all the records of the previous days. At the time when there was snowfall in the mountains of North India, dense fog was seen in the northern cities of Punjab. Due to dense fog, the maximum temperature was being recorded below normal for about 1 week.


Both minimum and maximum temperatures were well below normal. The falling minimum temperature reached 3 degrees Celsius below normal (2 ° C) near the freezing point. On Wednesday, December 16, 2020, the maximum temperature was also recorded this winter with the lowest temperature (8.2 ° C), which is 13 ° C below normal. Looking at the data of the last 10 years, this will be the fourth time when the maximum temperature has been recorded below 10 degrees in December. These three occasions have been 2019 (8.2 degrees), 2014 (8.4 degrees), and 2012 (9.4 degrees).


Based on the current weather conditions, it is estimated that the effect of the northwest winters will remain in almost all the cities of Punjab for the next four to five days, leading to major changes in the day and night cold till at least December 20 The possibility is not present. Although the speed of the winds will increase slightly from December 18, the fog will start to decrease and the day temperature will definitely increase, but night temperatures may fall further due to which there is a possibility of frost in the surrounding northern districts by the end of the week. is.


In some parts of Haryana, light rain was recorded around 12 December. Since then, the weather has been dry in all parts of the state. But as the humidity increases, the wind speed decreases. Due to this effect, dense fog enveloped most parts of Haryana, especially in the northern and central districts. Day temperatures are much lower than normal due to dense fog. Cold day condition is going on in many parts. It is very cold. Cold day condition occurs when the maximum temperature is 16 degrees or less.

Minimum temperatures are likely to fall this week due to which cold wave conditions are observed in most districts of Haryana including Panchkula, Ambala, Karnal, Yamunanagar, Kurukshetra, Panipat, Sonipat, Hisar, Sirsa, Rewari, Mahendragarh, Jhajjar, Palwal, Narnaul Will get There may also be frost in some places at the end of the week.

Agriculture Advisory for farmers

  • The temperature is declining, so to protect crops from frost, do light irrigation as necessary.
  • Farmers are advised for the sowing of late wheat soon and seed rate 125 kg seed per hectare and the late sowing variety for farmers H.D.-3059, H.D.-3237, H.D.-3271, WR-544, P.B.W.373, U.P.2338, U.P.2425, Raj. 3765. Seed should be treated with Bavistin @ 1 gram or Thiram @ 2.0 gram per kilogram of seed.
  • Thinning and weeding is recommended in the late sown mustard crop. If low temperature continues for two weeks, white rust infection may start. Therefore farmers are advised to keep observation on leaves for white rust appearance.
  • Transplantation of onion should be done by this week. Farmers are also advised to uses fully decomposed FYM and potash fertilizer in the fields before transplanting.
  • Due to high relative humidity, infection of blight attack may in potato and tomato. Farmers are advised to monitor the crops.
  • Transplanting of mature seedlings of tomato, cauliflower, cabbage, and broccoli crop may be done in the raised bed.
  •  Intercultural operations in vegetables and other crops are advised to remove the weed.
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